Often it feels like we have tried everything for our migraines. This list may offer some ideas about other treatments available 1,2. The list is split into 2 groups: medicinal treatments and non-medicinal (or complementary) treatments. The lists are ranked alphabetically, not by evidence or effectiveness.
This list is by no means an endorsement of all of these treatments. The scientific evidence, medical support and efficacy of these treatments varies widely.
What may work for one person, may not work for another. Some of the treatments listed under non-medicinal may not even qualify as official 'treatments' – they might just be actions people do to help a migraine (eg. sleep).
Some of these treatments may even be dangerous for some people which is why you should speak to your doctor. They have a much better ability to take into account your personal medical history, type of condition and potential side effects.
This section lists the active ingredient and is some cases is followed by products it appears in.
- Amidrine (eg. Duradin, Epidrin, Midrin)
- Aspirin (eg. Excedrin, AspoClear)
- Ibuprofen (eg. Advil, Motrin, Nurofen)
- Almotriptan (eg. Axert, Almogran)
- Amitriptyline (eg. Elavil)
- Atenolol (eg. Tenormin)
- Clonidine (eg. Dixarit)
- Codeinephosphate (eg. Migraleve)
- Cyprohetadine hydrochloride (eg. Periactin)
- Diltiazem (eg. Cardizem LA)
- Dosulepin/Dothiepin (eg. Prothiaden)
- Eletriptan (eg. Replax)
- Ergotamine tatrate (eg. Cafergot, Migril)
- Flunarizine (eg. Sibelium)
- Frovatriptan (eg. Frova, Migard)
- Gabapentin (eg. Neurotonin)
- Isometheptene mucate (eg. Midrid)
- Methysergide (eg. Deseril)
- Metoclopramide (eg. Maxolon, Paramax, MigraMax)
- Metoprolol (eg. Dutoprol, Betaloc, Lopressor)
- Nadolol (eg. Corgard)
- Naproxen (eg. Naprosyn, Synflex)
- Naratriptan (eg. Amerge, Naramig)
- Nimodipine (eg. Nimotop)
- Nortriptyline (eg. Allegron, Pamelor)
- Onabotulinumtoxin A (eg. BOTOX)
- Pizotifen (eg. Sanomigran)
- Prochlorperazine (eg. Buccastem, Stemetil)
- Rizatriptan (eg. Maxalt)
- Sodium valproate (eg. Epilim)
- Sumatriptan (eg. Imigran, Imitrex, Treximet)
- Timolol (eg. Blocadren, Betimol, Betrim)
- Topiramate (eg. Topamax)
- Verapamil (eg. Isoptin, Calan)
- Zolmitriptan (eg. Zomig)
- Hormone Replacement Therapy/Birth Control pills
Non medicinal treatments
- Alexander Technique
- Applying ice to head
- Avoid Fluroscent Lighting
- Avoid smoke
- Chiropractic treatment
- Coenzyme Q10/ CoQ10
- Dark, quiet room
- Dietary changes
- Drink water
- Eliminate Caffeine (eg. Coffee, Tea, Sodas)
- Eliminating Gluten
- Eliminating MSG
- Eliminating Soy
- Ginger supplements
- Hormone treatment therapy
- Hot Shower
- Meditation/Breathing exercises
- Naturopathic Treatment
- Neck massage
- Passage of Time
- Quit cigarette smoking
- Reduce screen brightness
- Reduce/Manage stress
- Regular Exercise
- Riboflavin/Vitamin B2
- Rub/pressure Temples
- Vitamin B12/Coblamin
- Vitamin B6/Pyridoxine
- Wearing sunglasses
As you have seen this is just a list. If you are looking for descriptions of treatments see this treatment & prevention guide. It isn't a comprehensive description of all the listed treatments above. But it covers a bunch of them and some other tactics about prevention.
Discover The Number One
Natural Migraine Treatment (Hint: it's Free)
Click the download icon below to discover the single most effective natural migraine treatment.
If your looking for where the evidence is, you may need to do some research. The journal of the Amercian Academy of Neurology gives a good headstart with their review from last year. See below:
- for episodic migraine prevention in adults
- for NSAIDs and other complementary treatments for episodic migraine prevention in adults
Is there anything missing from this list that you use or that might be helpful for others to consider?
1) Quantitative survey results from 6,653 migraineurs. http://curetogether.com/migraine/treatments/ Accessed Jan 2014.
2) MigrainePal qualitative pilot study conducted Aug-Nov 2013, n=20.